A Half-Century of Jewish Emigration From the Former Soviet Union: Demographic Aspects

November 20, 2019 Cambridge Free 0
(Photo: Racide/iStock)
(Photo: Racide/iStock)

For many years, Soviet Jews, like all other citizens of the USSR, had no real possibility to emigrate in sizable numbers, but this changed in the 1970s. Based on collected data, it is estimated that almost 2 million Jews and their relatives have emigrated from the former Soviet Union since 1970.

Most of this mass emigration occurred since 1989—about 1.7 million. Hence, the mass migration of Jews from the former Soviet Union has a history of about half a century. The dynamics of this emigration fluctuated, characterized by successive waves. The analysis clearly shows the decisive role of the “push factor” in the migration movements in the last three decades. Data shows pronounced selectivity of Jewish migration by age and sex. This emigration caused the size of the “core” Jewish population remaining in the former Soviet Union to dramatically shrink from 2,168,000 in 1970 to 1,480,000 in 1989, and to 248,000 by the beginning of 2019.

At the same time, the emigration led to the resettlement of ex-Soviet Jews primarily in three destination countries—Israel, the United States and Germany. The largest group went to Israel, and the positive demographic transformation of this group—a sizable increase of fertility and fast decrease of mortality—occurred there. As a result of a half-century’s mass migration, Russian-speaking Jews now are a worldwide phenomenon. Today, there are about 1.6 million “core” Jews worldwide who originated from the former Soviet Union.

With Mark Tolts (Hebrew University of Jerusalem) and Maxim D. Shrayer (Boston College; Davis Center).

Mark Tolts is a senior research associate (ret.) in the Division of Jewish Demography and Statistics at the Avraham Harman Research Institute of Contemporary Jewry of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. A leading authority on the demography of Jews of the former USSR, Dr. Tolts is also an associate fellow at the Institute for Jewish Policy Research in London. He has written widely on the demography of the former Soviet Union, and on Soviet and post-Soviet Jewry in particular.

Maxim D. Shrayer, born and raised in Moscow, is a bilingual author, scholar and translator. A professor of Russian, English and Jewish studies at Boston College, Shrayer serves as director of the Project on Russian and Eurasian Jewry at Harvard’s Davis Center. Shrayer authored and edited over 15 books in English and Russian, among them the internationally acclaimed memoirs “Leaving Russia: A Jewish Story” and “Waiting for America: A Story of Emigration,” the double biography “Bunin and Nabokov: A History of Rivalry,” the Holocaust study “I SAW IT” and the travelogue “With or Without You.”

Cosponsored by the Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies and the Center for Jewish Studies at Harvard University. The Project on Russian and Eurasian Jewry has been made possible with the generous support of Genesis Philanthropy Group.

+ More... - Less...
Fact Sheet
When
Wednesday, November 20, 2019, 4:30 pm - 5:45 pm
Where
CGIS South Building
1730 Cambridge St
Cambridge, MA 02138
Price
Free

CJP provides the above links concerning third-party events for your convenience only. CJP has no control over the content of the linked-to websites or events they describe, and accepts no responsibility for the websites, including any advertising or products or services on or available from such sites, or for any loss or damage that may arise from your attending, or registering to attend, the described events. If you decide to access any of the third-party websites linked to below, you do so entirely at your own risk and subject to the terms and conditions of use for such websites and event attendance. CJP is not responsible or liable to you or any third party for the content or accuracy of any materials provided by any third parties. All statements and/or opinions expressed in the linked-to materials or at the described events, and all commentary, articles and other content provided at the third-party websites or at the events, are solely the opinions and the responsibility of the persons or entities operating the linked-to websites and events. The inclusion of any link on this website does not imply that CJP endorses the described event, or the linked-to website or its operator.

More From...

More In...

More At...

Situs PokerSeindo adalah salah satu situs penyedia situs poker Online terbaik dengan jaminan permainan paling fair play, player vs player yang membuat peluang anda untuk memenangkan permainan sangat besar, sehingga kamu bisa menang juga mendapatkan keuntungan besar dalam bermain. Untuk bisa mulai bermain anda melakukan deposit sebesar Rp.25,000 kemudian bermain serta menangkan hadiah hingga puluhan bahkan ratusan juta rupiah dalam bermain poker online. Kami memastikan pengalaman terbaik bermain poker